The 19th Amendment of the United States of America passed by Sixty-sixth Congress on June 4, 1919, and ratified on August 18, 1920, guaranteeing American Women the Right to Vote.
Women's Suffrage, the right to vote in political elections, began in the 1800s.
Women organized, petitioned, and picketed to win the right the to vote, but it took decades.
1848 The first women's rights convention is held in Seneca Falls, NY. The Declaration of Sentiments is signed.
1850 The first National Women's Rights Convention takes place in Worcester, MA.
1868 Ratification of the 14th amendment declaring “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside” and that right may not be “denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States.”
1870 Congress ratifies the 15th amendment: “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
1869 Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman Suffrage Association.
1872 Susan B. Anthony arrested for voting for Ulysses S. Grant in the presidential election.
1878 The Women’s Suffrage Amendment is first introduced to congress.
1890 The National Women Suffrage Association and the American Women Suffrage Association merge to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
1893 Colorado is the first state to adopt an amendment granting women the right to vote.
1896 The National Association of Colored Women is formed.
1913 Alice Paul and Lucy Burns formed the Congressional Union for Women Suffrage aka National Women's Party
1916 Alice Paul and her colleagues form the National Woman's Party and begin demonstrations, parades, mass meetings & picketing the White House over the refusal of President Woodrow Wilson and other incumbent Democrats to actively support the Suffrage Amendment.
1917 In July, picketers were arrested on charges of "obstructing traffic." including Paul. While imprisoned, Alice Paul began a hunger strike.
1918 In January, after much bad press about the treatment of Alice Paul and the imprisoned women, President Wilson announced that women's suffrage was urgently needed as a "war measure."
1919 The federal woman suffrage amendment, originally written by Susan B. Anthony and introduced in Congress in 1878, is passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is then sent to the state legislature for ratification.
Timeline summarized from the Women’s Suffrage Movement in the U.S. Compiled by the Center for American Women and Politics –August 2014
Gathering of Suffragettes in Williamsport, PA, circa 1906
Mrs. James (Bess King) Rogers, 601 Market Street, Warren, PA
Located Front Row Center in White Boots
Photo courtesy of the Warren County Historical Society
Partnering Organizations for the Celebration of Women's Suffrage in Warren County, Pennsylvania include:
League of Women Voters of Warren County - www.lwvwc.org
Warren County Historical Society - www.warrenhistory.org
Warren Public Library - www.warrenlibrary.org
Zonta Club of Warren - www.zontawarren.org
Warren County Pennsylvania Suffrage Centennial Calendar of Events
June 24, 2019 – noon – Bell Ringing at the Warren County Court House Steps. Rain location – Main Court Room.
The Warren County Commissioners will ring the bell 19 times in recognition of the 19th Amendment.
August 15, 2019, at 6 PM Traci Langworthy, JCC Associate Professor of History presents
Elnora Monroe Babcock, Local Suffragist at the Wilder Museum of Warren County History, 51 Erie Avenue, Irvine, PA 16329
Open & Free to the Public.
August 18, 2019 – National Women’s Equality Day
September 10, 2019, at 6:30 PM - Susan B. Anthony Presented by Christina Rausa
Struthers Library Theatre, 302 West Third Avenue, Warren, PA 16365
Free & Open to the Public-Provided through a Zonta Club of Warren Community Grant
Courtesy of Zonta Club of Warren, Warren County Historical Society, & League of Women Voters of Warren County
September 22, 2019 – American Business Women’s Day
October 2019 - Cynthia Caitlin Miller Historical Marker Dedication – Sugar Grove, PA - Tentative
October 2019 – National Women’s Small Business Month
November 25, 2019 – International Day of Elimination of Violence Against Women
February 14, 2020 – National League of Women Voters Celebrates their 100th Anniversary!
February 15, 2020 – Susan B. Anthony’s Birthday! (b. 1820 – d. 1906)